Today, most common case among women related infertility causes is the advanced age. As a woman’s age advances, her body gradually approaches the menopause process. As a result, the fertility rate falls. The most appropriate reproduction age for a woman’s body profile is her twenties. The likelihood of becoming pregnant decreases after the age of 30, and especially after the age of 35. While a woman in her 20s can become pregnant during her ovulation cycle, this rate drops to 20% once she reaches her 30s. Beginning in the 40s, this rate falls to 5%.
Why Does the Conception Rate Decline With Age?
As we get older, our egg count and quality decrease. Endometrial hyperplasia is another condition that can occur. Every change has a significant impact on the fertility rate. A congenital egg reserve exists. As time passes, reserves deplete and become depleted. As a result, after a while, decreases in follicle count values, such as AMH values, occur. Menstrual periods begin in accordance with this closer together, and the intensity of the bleeding changes Menstruation then ceases (menopause). Ovulation rate decreases as follicle count decreases.
The quality of an egg is determined by its internal chromosome count. Some ovaries have fewer or more chromosomes. This condition increases the likelihood of miscarriage. Even if fertilized, eggs with low or high chromosome counts cannot develop. Miscarriages may occur as a result of this.
Another factor to consider is the high prevalence of genetically transmitted disorder and disease risk. As a result, future mothers of advanced age seek IVF treatment in order to have more healthy babies.
How Does Pregnancy Happen at Older Ages?
Several pregnancy treatment methods can be tried in such cases. Among these methods, IVF appears to be the most common. However, because of the increased disease risk at advanced ages, it is recommended to supplement IVF treatment with preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). The chromosome count and embryo structure are examined using this method. IVF treatment is resumed with a healthy embryo containing 24 chromosomes. This ensures a healthy pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby. To use the PGD method, you must have a sufficient number of follicles.