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Colposcopy is a technique for clearly examining the uterine cervix. Colposcopy, which looks like an illuminated magnifying glass, is used to examine the uterine cervix. The device, which has a magnification capability of up to 40 times, is used to determine whether or not there is a risk of cervical cancer. It enables viewing of structures that are not visible with the naked eye. Colposcopy is a clinical procedure that is extremely important for early diagnosis.

When Is Colposcopy Applied?

Colposcopy is a method, which is applied in the individuals who have abnormalities in their Smear Test results. Colposcopy is also applied for the individuals whose HPV 16 and 18 types have resulted positively. Since cervical cancer is a disease which advances slowly and insidiously, performing a screening with colposcopy enables to make an evaluation more easily. In case that cervical cancer is suspected or diagnosed certainly, a colposcopy is applied in case of suspicious lesions that are seen in the vulva or vulva rashes, which do not pass away for a long time, and in necessary cases during pregnancy follow-up or while the infertility cause is researched.

Things To Do Before Colposcopy

Colposcopy is a painless procedure, you should not worry about it. There are a few things to think about before this procedure, which is done in a clinical setting. You should not have a vaginal shower before colposcopy and you should not have a sexual intercourse within two days before the procedure. If a vaginal medicine is used, you should discontinue use at least two days before the procedure. In some cases, pain relievers may be prescribed prior to the procedure.

How is Colposcopy Applied?

Colposcopy is a type of traditional gynaecological examination. The individual, who is lying flat on the supported table, opens her legs as if performing a pelvic examination. To open the vaginal wall, a speculum apparatus is inserted. As a result, the cervix is visible. To make it easier to see the cervix, it is washed with lotion. Following that, the colposcope is placed a few centimetres ahead of the vagina. In no way should the device enter the vagina. The tissues, which are magnified by the lens, are examined in detail. A biopsy can be performed during the procedure in suspicious cases.

Considerations Following a Colposcopy

The colposcopy procedure causes no discomfort or pain. Because the colposcope does not come into contact with the vagina, no bleeding will occur. However, in some cases, a biopsy is performed during the colposcopy procedure. In such cases, there may be some pain and bleeding.

A discharge may occur following colposcopy. The lotions used during the procedure have the potential to increase the likelihood of a discharge. You should not be concerned about the discharge, but it must be followed. If you experience a strong discharge, you should see your doctor.

How Long Does It Take To Get A Colposcopy Results?

During the procedure, the colposcopy result is obtained. Your doctor can provide a report once the procedure is completed. If a biopsy is performed, the results are available 10 days after the procedure.