miyom nedir tedavisi neler

Myoma is a disease with a very high incidence rate among women. It affects 20% of women during their reproductive years. Its prevalence is higher in obese women and women who have never given birth. It is critical that women who have a myoma formation have a gynaecological examination on a regular basis. When myomas are in an advanced state and are not kept under control, this may cause premature birth or the pregnancies which result in a miscarriage.

What Is Myoma?

Myoma is defined as the abnormal multiplication of smooth muscles in the uterus. Myomas, which are benign tumors, are smooth and limited masses. They can form in a variety of locations within the uterus, including intramural, subserous, and intracavitary regions. Myomas, whose exact cause cannot be determined, are thought to be an inherited condition that runs in families. The cause of the formation is the fact that estrogen hormone can cause myomas. The decrease in estrogen levels during the menopause period causes myomas to shrink. This condition demonstrates that the suspicion of estrogen as the cause of formation is correct.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Myoma?

In general, myomas are discovered during a gynecological examination. Individuals with a symptom complain about irregular, prolonged menstrual periods and anaemia, which develops as a result of severe bleeding. Myomas that have enlarged greatly may be seen in people who take these symptoms normally. Because people regard the symptoms they experience during their menstrual cycle as normal, the prevalence of advanced myoma is high. Advanced myomas can cause abdominal swelling, chronic pain, constipation, flatulence, and dyspepsia. Additionally, urinary incontinence and kidney problems could develop. Increased uterine myoma size may put pressure on the uterine cavity opening. This stress may result in miscarriages or premature birth. All of these cases demonstrate the importance of early diagnosis and gynaecological examination once more.

How Is Myoma Treatment Performed?

In general, myomas are benign tumors. Malignant tumors have an incidence rate of 0.1-0.5%. The majority of myomas are not treated directly, and it is recommended that they be monitored. However, if a myoma grows quickly or has a suspicious appearance, a personalized treatment plan will be devised. The type of treatment depends on factors such as the person’s age, symptoms, and the location of the myoma. Most of the time, both non-surgical myoma treatment and medical treatments are used. Myomas, on the other hand, are surgically removed when necessary.