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The development of benign cysts in various counts and sizes in the eggs is a structural condition known as policystic ovary syndrome. It is an endocrine disorder that, if not controlled, can lead to a variety of diseases. Its exact cause of development is unknown. However, environmental and genetic factors are thought to have an impact on it. PCOS is thought to be triggered by an increase in androgen levels caused by overweight or obesity, such as insulin resistance. Changes in androgen levels have an effect on hormone levels as well. The primary causes in the beginning disrupt ovulation, and the disrupted order causes the formation of a cyst in the ovaries. Fertility rates may decrease as a result of all of these factors. As a result, PCOS is one of the causes of infertility that ranks first among them. Because it causes irregularities in the menstrual cycle and changes in the external appearance, it may have a negative psychological impact on the individuals.

Uncontrolled PCOS can lead to a variety of serious complications, including infertility. Diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, liver fattening, metabolic syndrome, sleep apnea, and depression are among the issues.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Polio?

PCOS has a variety of clinical findings. Menstrual irregularities are quite common. Menstruation cycles typically last more than 6 weeks. Every year, there are eight or fewer menstrual cycles. Irregular bleeding, prolonged bleeding, heavy menstrual bleeding and spotting between periods are seen. Ovulation disruption is another symptom. In the ovaries of Policystic Ovary patients, there are numerous egg sacs (follicles) filled with fluid. These egg sacks do not mature and reach the ovulation stage, and no ovulation occurs. As a result, cysts develop in the ovaries. Infertility may result if they are not treated. Pregnancy is usually possible with appropriate treatment approaches under the supervision of a physician. In PCOS, cyst formation in the ovaries is also common. In some cases, very large ovaries may be seen. This can cause discomfort.

High hormone levels are also seen frequently. Androgenic hormones, also known as Androgens, are abundant in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. As a result, symptoms such as hairiness, oily skin, and acne formation are observed. Hormonal changes may also have an effect on insulin levels. Diabetes and obesity are possible complications of this condition. Among the other findings are hypertension and diabetes.

Diagnosis of Policystic Ovary Syndrome Diagnosis

The patient’s anamnesis and examination findings are critical in the diagnosis of Policystic Ovary Syndrome. To confirm the diagnosis, blood hormone levels are determined and ultrasonographic analysis is performed. Thus, PCOS will be differentiated from the diseases which provide similar clinical findings.

How Is Policystic Ovary Syndrome Treated?

Policystic Ovary Syndrome treatment is arranged around the patient’s goals. Some patients want to have a baby, while others want to address hormonal issues like menstrual irregularity, hairiness, and oily skin. Despite the fact that the patient is not complaining about the relevant findings, PCOS is a condition that must be treated. Because long-term hormonal imbalances pose serious risks such as cardiovascular disease, infertility, diabetes, and endometrial cancer. 

There are numerous treatment options available. Making the patient lose weight by establishing healthy living principles (healthy eating, regular exercise, and so on) may reduce the negative conditions caused by PCOS. Women who want to have a baby can be treated with hormone therapy or drugs that stimulate the ovaries. There may be conditions where drug therapy cannot achieve the desired results. Laparoscopic (bloodless-non-surgical) interventions are used in this case.