Undescended Testicle (Criptorchidism)

inmemis testis nedir

Undescended testicle occurs when the testicle stops before reaching the location where it should be due to setbacks during the descending phase. In general, 4,3% of babies have an undescended testicle. The testicles do not exist in the location that these babies are supposed to have them. Despite the fact that most babies’ testicles complete the descending phase within the first three months, 0.96 percent of babies continue to have undescended testicles. This condition can have a variety of causes. Ectopic testicle is a type of undescended testicle. In this syndrome, the testicle does not descend in the normal manner. The testicles can be found in places like the front part of the anus, the crotch, or the penis root. The most common type of undescended testicle is an undescended testicle in the duct. Other undescended testicle cases include testicle shrinking (atrophy), retracted testicle, and undescended testicle in the abdomen. The most serious of the undescended testicle cases is testicle thinning. Seminal ducts are removed from the bag or inguinal canal at this point by cleaning the residues with surgery. If the descending process does not complete spontaneously, surgery is usually performed in undescended testicle cases. Undescended testicles can lead to infertility because they can impair sperm production.

The Signs of an Undescended Testicle

The symptoms of an undescended testicle can be seen. It is also detected during palpation. If the testicle does not exist where it is needed, this can cause some functional issues. The testicle cannot descend to the bag due to hormonal reasons and remains at the top of the bag The testicle, which remains inside the body, can shrink and lose its ability to produce sperm. As a result, infertility or cancer development may occur.

The Diagnosis of Undescended Testicle

During a clinical examination, an undescended testicle can be diagnosed. However, if the testicle cannot be found during examination, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, or laparoscopy can be used to make a diagnosis.

The Undescended Testicle SurgeryThe Undescended Testicle Surgery

Undescended testicle surgeries are typically performed during infancy. In general, an undescended testicle surgery should be performed before 12 months and up to 18 months. In cases of advanced age, surgery may be too late. With surgery, the testicles are descended to their normal location. After surgery, descended testicles can continue to develop. The testicle surgery, which is performed on a daily basis, is similar to a herniotomy. In fact, hernias are seen in the majority of cases. With surgery, the testicle is placed in a bag. If a thinned testicle is in question, the residues are removed with the parents’ permission.