Menopause is defined as the stoppage of menstrual bleeding (periods). Menopause is a natural process that occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. The ten-year period during which menopause occurs is known as the climacterium. Although the average age of menopause is 51, menopause can occur between the ages of 35 and 58. Postmenopause is the period that follows menopause and lasts for years. Menopause at a young age is a highly undesirable situation. When menopause symptoms are observed in women who want to become mothers, IVF treatment is used, and the process of entering menopause is prolonged with some drug therapies.
What Are the Menopausal Symptoms?
The most common finding seen prior to menopause is a disruption in the course of menstrual cycles. Menstrual cycles may become shorter or longer, or the amount of menstrual bleeding may increase. Hot flushes (75%), night sweats (68%), sensitivity, bad temper, and depression (60%), are the most commonly observed findings. In addition, symptoms such as frequent urination, oedema (body swelling), and insomnia may be observed. Vaginal dryness and a lack of sexual appetite are symptoms of estrogen deficiency in the body.
What Is Perimenopause (Premenopause)?
The perimenopause or premenopause period begins in the forties and lasts for 4-6 years. Menstrual bleeding and cycles become irregular during this time. Menstrual cycles lengthen, and the amount and duration of bleeding vary. Hot flushes, night sweats, insomnia, emotional changes, and vaginal dryness may occur during this time.
How Does Menopause Treatment Work?
Menopause is not a disease that should be treated, especially when it begins in the appropriate age range. Also, if it occurs at a young age, it should not be considered a menopause treatment, but rather an extension of the premenopause period. However, in both cases, menopause symptoms can be reduced, and thus life quality can be improved. For example, it aims to reduce stress, reduce caffeine consumption, and solve the insomnia problem associated with hot flushes. If you have vaginal dryness, it is recommended that you have sexual intercourse once or twice a week and do vaginal muscle strengthening exercises. Gynaecological examinations, which are performed on a regular basis, are extremely important during this time period.
What Exactly Is Premature Menopause?
Premature menopause occurs when menstrual bleeding ceases before the age of forty. The ovaries do not function normally in this case, which is uncommon. Treatment is critical in premature menopause. In cases of premature menopause, osteoporosis develops at a young age and causes irreversible severe bone weakness. Menstrual bleeding (amenorrhea) at these ages can also be caused by sudden weight loss, excessive exercise, stress, and intrauterine adhesions after abortion or other surgical interventions. Because bone loss may occur as a result of estrogen hormone reduction in amenorrhea cases, you should see a doctor immediately.
What Are the Symptoms of Premature Menopause?
Menstruating more frequently at first and then extending menstruation intervals may be seen as premature menopause symptoms. Aside from that, while the cause of infertility in individuals experiencing infertility is being researched, a premature menopause diagnosis can be made. Egg count decreases as menopause occurs. One of the symptoms of premature menopause is a low egg reserve in comparison to age.
What Factors Contribute to Premature Menopause?
Autoimmune diseases, ovaries being damaged during surgical procedures, cancer treatment, lifestyle, family history, chromosomal disorders, or surgical menopause are all causes of premature menopause.