The most common occurrence in the case of an unexplained miscarriage is recurrent miscarriage. Recurrent miscarriages are defined as the loss of a 500 gram baby before 20 weeks, which occurs more than twice or three times. Recurrent miscarriage is classified into two types: While miscarriages occurring up to 12 weeks of pregnancy are referred to as early miscarriages, miscarriages occurring between 12 and 20 weeks of pregnancy are referred to as late miscarriages .
Recurrent miscarriage is a problem that affects 1% of today’s couples. While it could be due to a variety of factors, the root cause of recurrent miscarriages cannot be identified in general.
What are the risk factors for recurrent miscarriages?
Miscarriages can be caused by both unknown and known factors. First of all, the most common condition among these is the development of genetic abnormalities in a baby. The future mother and father do not need to have any genetic problems in order for their child to develop genetic abnormalities. This condition may be caused by declining egg and sperm quality as people age. Age-related miscarriages are the most common cause, especially among early miscarriage causes. Karyotype can be determined through genetic testing on the miscarried baby. This way, whether or not it is caused by genetic factors can be determined with certainty. In such cases, the chances of success in the subsequent pregnancy are higher.
Recurrent miscarriages may also occur as a result of a genetic problem in both the mother and father. The PGD method can be used to solve this condition. An embryo without a genetic problem can be selected using this method, which was developed in addition to IVF treatment. The count and quality of the egg and sperm are critical in this method.
Uterine anomalies are another factor to consider. Miscarriages can also be caused by the formation of intrauterine adhesions as a result of uterine irregularities or previous infections. Another possible cause is a coagulation problem. Because of irregularities in the blood coagulation enzymes, blood may not reach the baby. As a result, the embryo will asphyxiate and miscarry.
Miscarriage causes can also include hormonal imbalances. This rate is 10%. Miscarriages can occur if the uterine wall cannot be fed due to a lack of progesterone. In the opposite case, these symptoms could be caused by an overabundance of milk hormone. Diabetes, thyroid irregularities, elevated LH, and insulin resistance are all symptoms. Among the hormonal miscarriage causes.
Is it possible to treat recurrent miscarriages?
To prevent miscarriages, a thorough screening is performed, and the root cause of the problem is attempted to be identified. Following the necessary clinical and radiological analyses, it is determined whether the primary cause can be identified. If it is determined, treatment should be directed at the underlying cause. Individuals can generally have children as a result of the treatment. If the cause cannot be determined, the couples are advised to seek psychological help first. It is intended to reduce the stress factor based on this subject. If you have bad habits like smoking or drinking alcohol, it is best to break them and start living a healthy lifestyle by eating well and exercising. Women aged 35 and under with a healthy egg count and capacity are advised to try getting pregnant naturally for 1-3 years. In the opposite case or for women over the age of 35, it is recommended that a vaccination method or IVF treatment be applied without delay.